Twitter开源的Heron快速安装部署教程

大数据

2016-11-08

998

1

什么是Heron?

Twitter使用Storm实时分析海量数据已经有好几年了,并在2011年将其开源。该项目稍后开始在Apache基金会孵化,并在2015年秋天成为顶级项目。Storm以季度为发布周期,并且向着人们期望的稳定版前进。但一直以来,Twitter都在致力于开发替代方案Heron,因为Storm无法满足他们的实时处理需求。Twitter现在已经用Heron完全替换了Storm。前者现在每天处理“数10TB的数据,生成数10亿输出元组”,在一个标准的单词计数测试中,“吞吐量提升了6到14倍,元组延迟降低到了原来的五到十分之一”,硬件减少了2/3。当被问到Twitter是否会开源Heron时,Ramasamy说“在短时间内不会,但长期来看可能。”然而就在2016年5月25日,Twitter正式宣布Heron开源。Twitter工程经理Karthik Ramasamy在博客上宣布了这一消息。

快速安装Heron

一、使用安装脚本下载heron的二进制文件

安装脚本的下载地址是https://github.com/twitter/heron/releases

博主用的是centos7,所以下载了centos版本的安装文件。

 

[heron@spark ~]$ ls
heron-client-install-0.14.4-centos.sh  heron-tools-install-0.14.4-centos.sh
[heron@spark ~]$ 

下载完后开始安装

[root@spark heron]# chmod +x heron-client-install-0.14.4-centos.sh 
[root@spark heron]# ./heron-client-install-0.14.4-centos.sh 
--warning=no-timestamp
Heron client installer
----------------------

Uncompressing..tar xfz /usr/local/heron/heron-client.tar.gz -C /usr/local/heron --warning=no-timestamp
....
Heron is now installed!

Make sure you have "/usr/local/bin" in your path.

See http://heronstreaming.io/docs/getting-started for how to use Heron.

heron.build.version : '0.14.4-1-g8de8003'
heron.build.time : Wed Oct 5 17:55:30 PDT 2016
heron.build.timestamp : 1475715348000
heron.build.host : tw-mbp-kramasamy
heron.build.user : kramasamy
heron.build.git.revision : 8de80037791dfde3d493a6ec255429908716f03f
heron.build.git.status : Clean
[root@spark heron]# 

 默认安装的路径是/usr/local/bin。

也可以指定安装路径  ./heron-client-install-VERSION-PLATFORM.sh --user

安装完后,配置一下 /etc/profile

vi /etc/profile
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/bin

然后source一下

source /etc/profile

安装另一个文件

[root@spark heron]# chmod +x heron-tools-install-0.14.4-centos.sh 
[root@spark heron]# ./heron-tools-install-0.14.4-centos.sh 
--warning=no-timestamp
Heron tools installer
---------------------

Uncompressing..tar xfz /usr/local/herontools/heron-tools.tar.gz -C /usr/local/herontools --warning=no-timestamp
....
Heron Tools is now installed!

Make sure you have "/usr/local/bin" in your path.

See http://heronstreaming.io/docs/getting-started for how to use Heron.

heron.build.version : '0.14.4-1-g8de8003'
heron.build.time : Wed Oct 5 17:55:30 PDT 2016
heron.build.timestamp : 1475715348000
heron.build.host : tw-mbp-kramasamy
heron.build.user : kramasamy
heron.build.git.revision : 8de80037791dfde3d493a6ec255429908716f03f
heron.build.git.status : Clean
[root@spark heron]# 

最后确认一下是否安装完成

[root@spark local]# heron version
heron.build.version : '0.14.4-1-g8de8003'
heron.build.time : Wed Oct 5 17:55:30 PDT 2016
heron.build.timestamp : 1475715348000
heron.build.host : tw-mbp-kramasamy
heron.build.user : kramasamy
heron.build.git.revision : 8de80037791dfde3d493a6ec255429908716f03f
heron.build.git.status : Clean
[root@spark local]# 

二、提交一个topology

[root@spark local]# heron submit local /usr/local/heron/examples/heron-examples.jar com.twitter.heron.examples.ExclamationTopology ExclamationTopology --deploy-deactivated
INFO: Using config file under /usr/local/heron/conf/local
INFO: Launching topology 'ExclamationTopology'
INFO: Topology 'ExclamationTopology' launched successfully
INFO: Elapsed time: 4.417s.
[root@spark local]# 

提交了topology后,heron并不会激活它。

我们查看一下topology是否成功启动和工作目录

[root@spark local]# ls -al ~/.herondata/topologies/local/root/ExclamationTopology
container_1_exclaim1_1.pid  heron-executor-0.stdout       log-files                    metrics.json.metricsmgr-2.1
container_1_exclaim1_3.pid  heron-executor-1.pid          metrics.json.metricsmgr-0.0  metrics.json.metricsmgr-2.2
container_1_word_5.pid      heron-executor-1.stderr       metrics.json.metricsmgr-0.1  metrics.json.metricsmgr-2.3
container_2_exclaim1_2.pid  heron-executor-1.stdout       metrics.json.metricsmgr-0.2  metrics.json.metricsmgr-2.4
container_2_exclaim1_4.pid  heron-executor-2.pid          metrics.json.metricsmgr-0.3  metricsmgr-0.pid
container_2_word_6.pid      heron-executor-2.stderr       metrics.json.metricsmgr-0.4  metricsmgr-1.pid
ExcalamationTopology.defn   heron-executor-2.stdout       metrics.json.metricsmgr-1.0  metricsmgr-2.pid
heron-conf                  heron-shell-0.pid             metrics.json.metricsmgr-1.1  release.yaml
heron-core                  heron-shell-1.pid             metrics.json.metricsmgr-1.2  stmgr-1.pid
heron-examples.jar          heron-shell-2.pid             metrics.json.metricsmgr-1.3  stmgr-2.pid
heron-executor-0.pid        heron-tmaster.pid             metrics.json.metricsmgr-1.4
heron-executor-0.stderr     java-f6c01842-started.stderr  metrics.json.metricsmgr-2.0
[root@spark local]# 

所有实例的日志文件都可以在工作目录下的日志文件中找到。

[root@spark local]# ls -al ~/.herondata/topologies/local/root/ExclamationTopology/log-files/
container_1_exclaim1_1.log.0      container_2_word_6.log.0                    heron-ExclamationTopology-scheduler.log.0.lck
container_1_exclaim1_1.log.0.lck  container_2_word_6.log.0.lck                heron-shell.log
container_1_exclaim1_3.log.0      gc.container_1_exclaim1_1.log               metricsmgr-0.log.0
container_1_exclaim1_3.log.0.lck  gc.container_1_exclaim1_3.log               metricsmgr-0.log.0.lck
container_1_word_5.log.0          gc.container_1_word_5.log                   metricsmgr-1.log.0
container_1_word_5.log.0.lck      gc.container_2_exclaim1_2.log               metricsmgr-1.log.0.lck
container_2_exclaim1_2.log.0      gc.container_2_exclaim1_4.log               metricsmgr-2.log.0
container_2_exclaim1_2.log.0.lck  gc.container_2_word_6.log                   metricsmgr-2.log.0.lck
container_2_exclaim1_4.log.0      gc.metricsmgr.log
container_2_exclaim1_4.log.0.lck  heron-ExclamationTopology-scheduler.log.0

三、启动 Heron Tracker

[root@spark local]# heron-tracker 
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Connecting to file state with rootpath: /root/.herondata/repository/state/local
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 State watch triggered for topologies.
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Adding new topology: ExcalamationTopology, state_manager: local
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Registering a watch with uid: 6d218788-1c8c-4f43-806a-a217c59ab4b5
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 No execution state found for: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Watch triggered for topology execution state: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Tracker has started
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Setting topology info for topology: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Running on port: 8888
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Watch triggered for topology pplan: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Using config file: /usr/local/herontools/conf/heron_tracker.yaml
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Setting topology info for topology: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Watch triggered for topology tmaster: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Setting topology info for topology: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Watch triggered for topology scheduler location: ExcalamationTopology
INFO: 11/09/2016 09:55:17 +0000 Setting topology info for topology: ExcalamationTopology

启动后可以通过浏览器来查看刚刚提交的topology是否成功,端口号是8888

了解更多的heron tracker,请参考Heron Tracker Rest API

四、启动 Heron UI

[root@spark ~]# heron-ui 
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:25 +0000 Listening at http://0.0.0.0:8889
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:25 +0000 Using tracker url: http://localhost:8888
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /topologies (192.168.25.57) 52.86ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/js/bootstrap.js (192.168.25.57) 37.41ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/js/jquery.min.js (192.168.25.57) 24.41ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/js/jquery-ui-1.8.23.custom.min.js (192.168.25.57) 16.54ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/js/moment.min.2.8.3.js (192.168.25.57) 15.74ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/js/underscore-min.1.6.0.js (192.168.25.57) 9.57ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/css/visstyle.css (192.168.25.57) 6.50ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:29 +0000 200 GET /static/js/common.js?v=aea0e809de29e66079cc8ee4c7ea16f7 (192.168.25.57) 2.54ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:30 +0000 200 GET /static/js/alltopologies.js?v=f6ba00d23089084d4cb32f8bfcf351a0 (192.168.25.57) 3.48ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:30 +0000 200 GET /static/img/logo54x54.png (192.168.25.57) 9.42ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:31 +0000 200 GET /static/icomoon/fonts/icomoon.woff (192.168.25.57) 21.88ms
INFO: 11/09/2016 10:02:31 +0000 200 GET /topologies/list.json?format=json (192.168.25.57) 6.98ms

启动后可以通过浏览器查看,端口号8889。(heron-tracker必须启动,不然报错)

 

五、topology的管理命令

在第二步中,我们已经提交了topology,现在我们可以用命令激活、停止、杀死等命令

heron activate local ExclamationTopology
heron deactivate local ExclamationTopology
heron kill local ExclamationTopology

 

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